In all the doom and gloom discussion of declining CD album sales, the upside has been completely missed. The majority of music now being created, distributed, shared, bought and discovered is happening outside the traditional music industry. Even better, more revenue is being made by artists and business via the fame of musicians than ever before. A band "breaking" is no longer singularly based on the Herculean task of selling albums.
This was not always the case. In 1991, the Neilsen-owned Soundscan launched and shook up the music industry by electronically tracking and reporting weekly albums sales based on information reported to it from music retail stores across the country.
The once a week Soundscan sales reports measured what bands were "breaking" by reporting how an album sold the previous week. These reports were so accurate in reflecting who was popular that labels, managers and artists used the data to leverage MTV, commercial radio, retail stores and to justify additional marketing. Alternatively, they would use this information to determine that a record, and by extension the artist, was "dead."
But technology and the Internet changed the model. With unlimited shelf space, unlimited on-demand self-replicating inventory and access to self-distribution, everything can be in stock at no detriment to anything else. In 2009 alone, self-distributing bands via TuneCore sold and got paid from streams from over 61 million songs and albums earning over $32 million in music sales revenue from iTunes and other digital download stores. Unsigned artists like Nevershoutnever, Boyce Avenue and Kelly sold over 1,250,000 songs each across their catalogs of releases. Secondhand Serenade, Nickasaur, Harry & The Potters, Jesus Culture, Colt Ford, Josh Kelley and thousands more sold hundreds of thousands of songs from multiple EPs, full length albums and singles - none of which is picked up and/or accurately reported on by Soundscan or other music reporting mechanism. These "unsigned" artists now represent one of the most valuable music catalogs in the world.
And creative bands continue to change the paradigm. At Hot Topic stores artists include their music for free with purchase of a t-shirt. Other bands sell hundreds of thousand of copies of their music as game files to download and play on Rock Band. Fame from social networking outlets allow some artists to sell large amounts of cell phone wallpaper, get endorsement deals, appear on TV and garner advertising offers and licensing opportunities. Still others are "breaking" in other parts of the world and get flown in, all expenses paid, to play festivals to tens of thousands of people.
Record labels have picked up on this trend and now do deals that treat the artist as brand and looking to participate in all the revenue streams tied into fame, not just from owning masters and only making money when the music sells.
Despite the apparent bad news about the decline in album and CD sales, the truth is the music industry as we have known it is in transition, and the emerging model is incredibly exciting, larger and far more profitable than it has ever been. Technology has changed the way people can interact, discover and listen to music. It used to be just commercial radio, MTV, buying a CD and getting a mix tape. Now music has been unleashed from the 5" circular disc and is everywhere to buy, stream, discover share and listen to. With these changes more people are listening, discovering, and consuming music. More music is actually being bought then ever before. With this change, more artist service industries are emerging and more fame and money are being generated in more ways and going to more musicians and businesses than ever before.
The topic of conversation should not be about declining album sales but about the new model. The rally cry of the RIAA should be "make more music" as every artist can now choose to get signed or be their own label and "sign themselves". The music industry is finally growing to its full potential - and this should be music to all of our ears.
You're an artist, composer, performer, you make music: you used TuneCore to distribute your music into iTunes and other stores. Here are some easy ways to get discovered and sell more music.
Cover Popular Songs
Cover versions of songs sell well. Known songs have a built-in audience already. People looking for "Let It Be" or "America the Beautiful" know what they want. If you "cover" (record your own original version) of these songs you create a way to get discovered and make money. And once someone buys a song of yours they are more inclined to listen to and buy other songs you have recorded.
Also, naming your song the same name as a more popular song allows it to surface when people search. With one click to listen to a 30 second stream within the digital stores, you can increase getting heard. However, you do want to be careful as to not make a potential fan angry at you for tricking them into listening.
Record Holiday-Themed Music
Music tied into or about a holiday sells well. For example, "spooky" Halloween sound effects or "scary" themed music (i.e. "Tubular Bells", the theme song to the movie the The Exorcist) sells enormously around Halloween. Christmas music sells really well around the Christmas season. This ties back to covers: a cover of "White Christmas" or "Jingle Bell Rock" can fund you through the rest of the year. Don't forget other, perhaps neglected holidays throughout the calendar-there is no doubt the world needs a great Groundhog Day or Columbus Day anthem. Be sure to name your songs with easily searchable words.
Stores like eMusic, iTunes and AmazonMP3 have millions upon millions of songs in their stores. Most customers use the "search" function in the store to find music, so take advantage of it: put words in your album, artist/band and song titles that will help you show up when people search. Are you a mariachi band? Put the word "mariachi" in your name. Is your album a collection of nature sounds? Consider words like "forest" and "natural," and so on. This is a gray area: if your music sounds like Bob Dylan, don't necessarily use his name, but you could use words with association, like "folk." It's your music, but ask yourself, what words can I use in my band name, album name and/or song name that will cause my music to appear when people search?
iTunes is the largest seller of music in the world and sells more music than any other music store (physical or digital) in the world. Here are some tips on how to get discovered in iTunes.
Create an iMix
An iMix is a playlist that you've chosen to publish and make available to others in the iTunes Music Store. To get your music to surface and be discovered more, create an iMix (or many many iMixes) with a few of your own songs (say three or so) and other songs (we suggest 9 or so) by more popular artists in the same genre. These iMixes will surface at the other artist's album iTunes pages as well your own, allowing a fan of the other band to discover you.

In addition, give your iMix an interesting name (as opposed to "Cool Songs I Like"), name it something like, "Music to Break Up To," or "Songs that Morrisey Wishes He Could Write." Clever titles catch peoples' attention.
The more iMixes you seed into iTunes, the higher the probability you will be discovered.
Rate Your iMix
iTunes allows anyone to rate an iMix with between zero and five stars. Have as many people as you can rate your iMix with five stars. High-rated iMixes get more attention and end up on album pages. Check out the "iMix Notes" field. Take a few moments to write something and talk about your play list. A great description combined with a high rating will increase the odds someone will discover and check our your play list.
Album Reviews & Ratings
STATISTIC: Albums in iTunes with customer reviews sell 33% more than albums without them. Be sure to rate your own album 5 stars, and when you review it: that's a great place to describe the album and the sound. If you happen to have reviews about your music (from blogs or magazines), you can re-type them here.
In addition, ask your fans and friends to write reviews—the more reviews the better! Reviews add legitimacy and influence purchases.

In your review, think about what might make someone curious aboutyour music. For example, posting a review that says, "Dude, this rocks" will have little impact. A review that says, " This reminds me of The Beatles if they had Jimmy Page as their lead guitar and Chris Martin backing up John Lennon," will cause a lot more interest.

Get creative and thoughtful with what you write. Consider what would cause you to listen to a song. Also note, iTunes lets its user decide if a review was "Useful." If you write an interesting review and then have your friends, fans and family indicate the review was useful, the review has a better chance of being the first one people see when they reach your page in iTunes.
An Eye Catching Art Design
The finishing touch on your music is the visual design of its package, whether you're going to be selling online or in physical stores. A great album cover can catch someone's eye and get them to listen. If you can't create your own design, hire a designer to give your music more than just a pretty cover; they can give your music the visual image that completes your project and draws people in to listen.
Collaborating with a graphic designer is as easy as talking to them about what kind of image or feeling you want people to have when they listen to your music. Working with original artwork or photos you supply, they'll give you different options to choose from, and you can work with them to come up with final art that you're happy with.
Tell a Friend
You can send album reviews or playlists or iMixes to anyone from within iTunes via the iTunes "Tell A Friend" option. Just click on the "Tell A Friend" link in the iTunes store (located next to the album art), enter an email address and iTunes does the rest. This is a great way to communicate with fans that signed up for your email list that you have a new album or song out. It's also a great way to get more people to rate your review and/or iMix and help these to surface more.
iTunes Affiliate Program
With the free iTunes Affiliate Program, you can link and sell your own music (or anyone's else in the iTunes store) via any Web page or email. With each sale from iTunes that originates from your affiliate link, you will earn a 5% commission on all qualifying revenue generated (IMPORTANT: terms apply, so be sure to check them out). This means that off of each qualifying sale, you will get paid a percentage of the money paid to iTunes by an iTunes customer, if that customer came from your affiliate link.
In addition, the iTunes "buy" button next to your song on your own
website, blog, etc is recognizable and might add further legitimization to you as an important artist.
The affiliate program auto-generates links for you. All you have to do is place them on any Web page or within an email(s). It's a simple and very effective way to sell your music. After all, most people going to your home page or receiving your emails are already interested in your music and band.
To get started, visit this page:

For more information on how to become an iTunes affiliate for free and how to use the program, visit
Make Easy Weblinks to Your Music
Tunes has recently added a feature that makes it easier for you to easily create web links directly to your content in the iTunes Store

You can link directly to any artist/band page using the convention:
and you can also link directly to albums/singles using the convention:
Here are a couple examples:
Video - Make a Video
You, your friend or a relative have an old video camera, probably even a digital video camera. You can even rent one for a few dollars a day in most areas. Heck, use your cell phone, but MAKE A VIDEO! This can be almost anything, and the look and feel of it can be as professional or as amateur as you can afford or want. Use your imagination to find clever ways to let a minimum budget and tools work to your advantage. Turn off the video camera's mike and let your music be the soundtrack. Use free tools on your computer do the editing and synching. Use what you have, at all stages.
Most importantly, get CREATIVE. Make something that others want to see - think of videos like the Treadmill Dance by OK GO, or Star Wars kid, Mentos and Coke guys, Kelly's "Shoes" video, Chocolate Rain, Sick Puppies "Free Hugs" video, Boyce Avenue's live acoustic performances of popular songs, and more (if you don't know these videos, just do a quick Google search to see them).
Post Your Video
Put it on YouTube, use TuneCore to put it on iTunes, put it on every free streaming video or torrent site that will take it. Post the links on a blog, tell your friends, put it on MySpace, and spread the word. Make sure you have a link to your music on iTunes on your YouTube page, so people can buy the music after they watch the video!